UVF3B501: Interpretation, adaptation and the semantic web - Fall 2006/2007

MR 2A IHM Automne
IG 3A Automne
Today, companies provide their staff, partners and customers with portals (web sites)to give them access to multimedia information and applications. The large mass of information and applications needs to be carefully selected and the organization of the web site (map) adapted to the needs of the user. It is also necessary to automate as far as possible any exchanges between customers and partners. Information and applications often come from heterogeneous information systems which means they cannot be used again and interoperability is compromised. The design of these portals and information systems must improve information searches, and have contents and organization adapted to the needs of the user, thus ensuring interoperability and reuse of contents.

Definition of the information and applications and their processing by machines is a fundamental element of the design of these systems. The semantic, or third generation web, proposes standards and architecture appropriate for the design of modern IS. The information and applications will have a meaning which can be interpreted not only by man but also by machines. The attribution of meaning also determines the distribution of interpretation between man and machine by automating certian tasks. Intelligent information search systems, based on onthologies and semantic metadata, aim to go beyond the limits of key-word or statistical approaches.

To achive this, we need to understand how we interpret information and applications, how we give them meaning and under what conditions. Attributing a meaning is dependent on the skills, knowledge and know-how of the company and its employees which will form the basis of attributing meaning and systems design. So, knowledge management is necessary. In other words,the methods adopted will constantly call on groups of people who share knowledge and know-how, allowing them to make their expertise instrumental in meaning attribution.

This unit will propose methods and tools for the design of information systems or portals where knowledge management plays a major role. It is divided in three parts. The first, "Formal representation of knowledge and semantics", introduces artificial intelligence, the second, "Multimedia semiology", presents semiotic/linguistic theories explaining the procedure for attribution of meaning, while the third part, "User targeted nformation systems" proposes new design methods making it possible to adapt the content and its organization to the needs of the users by associating meaning to the content and the organization.
Location  : BREST
Coordinator  : Serge GARLATTI
Co-Coordinator  : Philippe PICOUET
Credits MR 2A IHM  : 6
Credits IG 3A  : 6
Dernière màj le 25-APR-07 par GRAVOT
Code Intitulé
Co-resp. Etat
Date màj
Last update
ISA-KNOW Représentation formelle de connaissances et sémantique .   Validée 10-03-06
ISA-SEM Sémiologie des multimedias .   Validée 10-03-06
ISA-SIOU Systèmes d'information orientés utilisateurs .   Validée 10-03-06

IMT Atlantique
Campus de Brest
Technopôle Brest-Iroise
CS 83818
29238 Brest Cedex 3

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